Vitiligo is a long-term skin condition characterized by the loss of pigment in certain areas of the skin, resulting in white or depigmented patches. This occurs when melanocytes, the cells responsible for producing melanin (the pigment that gives color to the skin, hair, and eyes), are destroyed or become non-functional. The exact cause of vitiligo is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, autoimmune, and environmental factors.

Vitiligo is a lifelong condition that can be emotionally challenging for those affected, as it often involves changes in physical appearance.



      • The primary symptom of vitiligo is the appearance of white or depigmented patches on the skin.
      • These patches may vary in size and shape and can occur on any part of the body, including the face, hands, feet, and genital area.
      • Vitiligo can also affect the hair, causing premature graying or loss of color in affected areas (leukotrichia).

Causes and Risk Factors:

  • The exact cause of vitiligo is not known, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and autoimmune factors.
  • Autoimmune theory suggests that the immune system may mistakenly target and destroy melanocytes.
  • Vitiligo is more common in individuals with a family history of the condition, and it can occur at any age, although it often begins before the age of 20.


Go top